Blog

chhatrapati shivaji terminus history

Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus Decorated with Lights (Source) All Photos of Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus . The main interiors are also decorated: the ground floor of the North Wing, known as the Star Chamber, which is still used as the booking office, is embellished with Italian marble and polished Indian blue stone. Let’s take a look at his life history, Maratha Empire, administration and achievements. [27] Internally, the ceiling of the booking hall was originally painted blue, gold and strong red on a ground of rich blue with gold stars. The Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus was formerly known as Victoria Terminus. The centrally domed office structure has a 330-foot-long platform connected to a 1,200-foot-long train shed, and its outline provides the skeleton plan for the building. Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus—1996 More than 100 yea rs after it was built, in 1996, Victoria Terminus was renamed Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus after the Maratha warrior king Shivaji (1627/30–1680). The Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus was formerly known as Victoria Terminus. Note the seated statue in the canopy under the clock, A 1983 photo of the empty canopy, in which the statue was once seated. However, the terminus was functional even before it was completely built as the first train that left this place was during 1853. Historians now believe that the statue was smuggled out, sold by politicians, or destroyed. Although Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus is a working railway station, with thousands of passengers passing through every day, many people come simply to check out its ornate exterior, which features a jungle theme covered with monkeys, peacocks, and other critters. CST has been associated with Mumbai since time immemorial. In fact, the railway station, which still functions as usual, waas a World Heritage Site under UNESCO … It also hosts a Centralized Database of Indian Railways Trains & Stations, and provides crowd-sourced IRCTC Train … It is one of the first and finest products of the use of industrial technology, merged with the Gothic Revival style in India. [8] The expansion was checked in 1761 by the Afghans in the Third Battle of Panipat, and the empire defeated by the British in 1817–18 in the Third Anglo-Maratha War. In December 2016, the Modi Ministry passed a resolution to change the name to Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Terminus in the Maharashtra Assembly and in May 2017, the home ministry officially sent a letter to the state government denoting the name change, following which the station was yet again renamed as the Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Terminus. Abstract Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus, Mumbai (CST), formerly Victoria Terminus (VT), Bombay, is a colonial railway station built in late nineteenth century India at the height of imperialism. The terminus is the headquarters of India's Central Railway. [28] Air-conditioned dormitories were inaugurated at CST on 16 April 2013. [18], CSMT has a total of 18 platforms—seven platforms are for suburban EMU trains and eleven platforms (Platform 8 to Platform 18) are for long-distance trains. Designed by the British architect F. W. Stevens, CST is an outstanding example of Victorian Gothic Revival architecture in India, blended with themes deriving from Indian traditional architecture. Mumbai Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Terminus (station code: CSTM /ST ()), also known by its former name Mumbai Victoria Terminus (until 1996) and Mumbai Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus (until 2017) (station code: BBVT/VT), is a historic terminal train station and UNESCO World Heritage Site in Mumbai, Maharashtra, India.. CST is the most cherished landmarks of Mumbai and an epitome of heritage for the city. It is one of the busiest railway stations in India,[14] serving as a terminal for both long-distance- and suburban trains. Built in 1888, the station is the grand reminder of the British Raj pre-independence and is still one of the most historical landmarks within the Central … The older administrative and commercial buildings are intermingled with skyscrapers and multistoried … Designed by the British architect F.W. Other articles where Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus is discussed: Mumbai: City layout: …still stand today—most notably the Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus (formerly Victoria Terminus), the city’s main train station and headquarters of India’s Central Railway company. Its construction began in 1878, in a location south of the old Bori Bunder railway station,[5] and was completed in 1887, the year marking 50 years of Queen Victoria's rule, the building being named, Victoria Terminus. This famous landmark which has become a symbol of the city, was built as the headquarters of the Great Indian Peninsular Railway. Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Terminus, also known by its former name Victoria Terminus, is a historic railway station and a UNESCO World Heritage Site in … [21][22], On 26 November 2008, two terrorists entered the passenger hall of the CST, opened fire and threw grenades at people. (Photo: Bhushan Koyande/HT) art culture Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus 18. Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus: History... - See 4,503 traveler reviews, 1,885 candid photos, and great deals for Mumbai, India, at Tripadvisor. Architect and Engineer. The dome is an octagonal ribbed structure with a colossal female figure symbolizing Progress, holding a torch pointing upwards in her right hand and a spoked wheel in her left hand. The moment you step in at CST, you will notice that the structure is a unique and interesting blend of Hindu, Islamic and Victorian styles, which is represented through its turrets, stained-glass windows, spires and buttresses. Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus (officially Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Terminus) (station code: CSTM /ST ()), also known by its former name Victoria Terminus (station code: BBVT/VT), is a historic terminal train station and UNESCO World Heritage Site in Mumbai, Maharashtra, India.. Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus (CST), formerly known as Victoria Terminus (VT), is a UNESCO World Heritage Site and a historic railway station located in the heart of, © Unknown/WikiCommons | © Rajarshi MITRA/Flickr. History . The stone arches are covered with carved foliage and grotesques. The terminus was designed by British born architectural engineer Frederick William Stevens, in an exuberant Italian Gothic style. It was designed by Frederick William Stevens, a British architectural engineer using typical “Victorian Gothic” style of architecture. Till date, the day is celebrated as Shiv Jayanti with great rigour and traditional style by Maharashtrians. The history behind the construction of the “Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus”: This magnificent terminus as seen today was constructed in the year 1887 in Bori Bundar in the city of Mumbai. Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus (CST), formerly Victoria Terminus (VT), is a UNESCO World Heritage Site and an historic railway station in Mumbai Maharashtra, India which serves as the headquarters of the Central Railways.Designed by Frederick William Stevens with influences from Victorian Italianate Gothic Revival architecture and traditional Mughal buildings, the station … [18] The symbol of Progress, another statue, featured on the top of the dome, is often mistaken for that of Queen Victoria. It was built to replace Bori Bunder, the terminus of the Great Indian Peninsula Railway from 1853 to 1888, and was named Victoria Terminus to commemorate the Golden Jubilee of Queen Victoria. Shivaji Maharaj – Biography & Facts. 58x48 cm frame with high quality RA4 print made In Australia (other products available) - Imposing monument of Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus Mumbai. A view of Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus before the lights were turned off to mark Earth Hour on March 19. Ornate, imposing, and grand — Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus in Mumbai, India, is more than just a train station. The complete construction of the building took ten years, which was the longest time taken by any building of that era in Bombay. In 2017, the station was again renamed Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Terminus (code CSTM), where Maharaj is also a royal title. The city got the sobriquet of ‘Gothic City’ due to this magnificent building’s architectural style. Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus, Mumbai Formerly known as Victoria Terminus, Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus has a long history since its establishment in 1887, witnessing Indian’s long history of being colonized by British. Rome2rio is a door-to-door travel information and booking engine, helping you get to and from any location in the world. The skyline, turrets, pointed arches, and eccentric ground plan are close to classical Indian palace architecture. The Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Terminus (CSMT) is its main railhead located in the heart of the city in an area called Bori Bandar. CSMT's dome of dovetailed ribs, built without centering, was considered as a novel achievement of the era. Rajdhani, Duronto, Garib Rath and Tejas Express leave from Platform No. The Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus, formerly known as Victoria Terminus Station, in Mumbai, is an outstanding example of Victorian Gothic Revival architecture in India, blended with themes deriving from Indian traditional architecture. The city got the sobriquet of ‘Gothic City’ due to this magnificent building’s architectural style. The CSMT was constructed using a high level of engineering both in terms of railway and civil engineering. Externally, the wood carving, tiles, ornamental iron and brass railings, grills for the ticket offices, the balustrades for the grand staircases and other ornaments were the work of students at the Sir Jamsetjee Jeejebhoy School of Art. Chha­tra­p­ati Shiv­aji Terminus (CST) for­merly known as Vic­to­ria Ter­mi­nus is a his­toric rail­way sta­tion and a UN­ESCO World Her­itage Site in Mum­bai, Ma­ha­rash­tra, India which serves as the head­quar­ters of the Cen­tral Rail­ways. He received ₹1,614,000 (US$23,000) as the payment for his services. Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus Decorated with Lights (Source) All Photos of Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus . Rome2rio is a door-to-door travel information and booking engine, helping you get to and from any location in the world. It was built in 1888 during British colonial rule. The building exhibits a fusion of influences from Victorian Italianate Gothic Revival architecture and classical Indian architecture. Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus, formerly known as Victoria Terminus, is the most important train station & heritage building situated in Dadabhai Naoroji Road in Mumbai. It also hosts a Centralized Database of Indian Railways Trains & Stations, and provides crowd … Stevens, the structure became a symbol of Bombay (Mumbai). It was during the British Rule that it was re-designed by F. W. Stevens, who named it Victoria Terminus (VT), after the then-reigning Queen Victoria. [18] Outside, there are statues representing Commerce, Agriculture, Engineering and Science, with a statue representing Progress on the central dome of the station. Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus, Mumbai Formerly known as Victoria Terminus, Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus has a long history since its establishment in 1887, witnessing Indian’s long history of being colonized by British. The Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Terminus (CSMT), a historic railway station formerly known as Victoria Terminus, functions as the headquarters of the Central Railway and is … The terminus was designed by British born architectural engineer Frederick William Stevens, in … In Mumbai: City layout …still stand today—most notably the Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus (formerly Victoria Terminus), the city’s main train station and headquarters of India’s Central Railway company. Wilson Bell was the engineer of this project. It is not just a railway station. Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Terminus, also known by its former name Victoria Terminus, is a historic railway station and a UNESCO World Heritage Site in … A photo of Victoria Terminus from 1910. The building, designed by the British architect F. W. Stevens, became the symbol of Bombay as the ‘Gothic City’ and the major international … Work began in 1878. The CCTV evidence was used to identify and indict Kasab. The 133-year old station sees three million people pass through it daily. Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus; Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus. Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Terminus is a historic railway station in the city of Mumbai, India. [10], Shivaji's name is often preceded by "Chhatrapati", a title with literal meaning, "a king dignified by the emblem of a parasol; a great king. (To learn about the important milestones in the history of Victoria Terminus, see also the interview with Jim Masselos.) Maharashtrians celebrate this day as Shiv Jayanti or Shivaji Jayanti with great enthusiasm till date.. Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj, img credits The early life of Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj The Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj terminus is a perfect blend of Victorian Gothic Revival architecture and tradition Indian architectural themes. The station was built in 1887. Find all the transport options for your trip from Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus … In the 1850s, the Great Indian Peninsular Railway operated in this area, which gave it the name ‘Bori Bandar,’ starting its first rail service covering a total distance of 34 kilometers to Thane. The architecture is inspired by Victorian Italianate Gothic Revival and Mughal styles. Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus – 1996 More than 100 years after it was built, in 1996, Victoria Terminus was renamed Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus after the Maratha warrior king Shivaji (1627/30–1680). Find all the transport options for your trip from Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus to Tirupati right here. The building, … Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Terminus, also known by its former name Victoria Terminus, is a historic railway station and a UNESCO World Heritage Site … The older administrative and commercial buildings are intermingled with skyscrapers and multistoried concrete-block buildings. Rome2rio makes travelling from Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus to Tirupati easy. Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Terminus, a UNESCO world heritage site in Mumbai, India. Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus: History ill-preserved - See 4,503 traveler reviews, 1,885 candid photos, and great deals for Mumbai, India, at Tripadvisor. Chhatrapati Shivaji was one of the bravest, most progressive and sensible rulers of India. Although Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus is a working railway station, with thousands of passengers passing through every day, many people come simply to check out its ornate exterior, which features a jungle theme covered with monkeys, peacocks, and other critters. Stevens, the structure became a symbol of Bombay (Mumbai). Chhatrapati Shivaji, revered as Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj, was a great Maratha ruler. Page 1 of 4 - About 36 essays. Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Terminus is a historic railway station in the city of Mumbai, India. "[12] Both former initials "VT" and the current, "CST", are also commonly used.[13]. Victoria Terminus was officially renamed Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus in 1996, but it is still common to hear a snappy “VT return” at ticket counters across the city. In the 1950s, authorities had begun to remove statues of the British figures from government buildings and public spaces based on a directive from the Government of India. The station stands as an example of 19th-century railway architectural marvels for its advanced structural and technical solutions. Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus, Mumbai (CST), formerly Victoria Terminus (VT), Bombay, is a colonial railway station built in late nineteenth century India at the height of imperialism. Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus is one of the World Heritage Sites in India. Officially renamed as Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus in 1998, it is still popularly known as VT (Victoria Terminus). "[11] In 2017, the station was again renamed "Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Terminus" (with code CSTM), where the title Maharaj has literal meaning, "Great king; emperor. Terminus in 1995 makes travelling from Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Terminus, before being renamed to Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus but. And is a door-to-door travel information and booking engine, helping you get to and from any location the... Station are lined with glazed tiles made by Maw & Co of Britain tiles made by Maw & of. A British architectural engineer Frederick William Stevens, the station was again renamed Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus was known! Exuberant yet well controlled last edited on 19 January 2021, at.... As the payment for his services indict Kasab sobriquet of ‘ Gothic city ’ to... Complete, [ 14 ] serving as a series of large rooms with high ceilings traditional by... Of industrial technology, merged with the Gothic Revival style in India Photos of Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus ( )..., not always sympathetic each of their four corners, which was longest. Interiors of the busiest railway stations in India, [ 14 ] serving as terminal. Was functional even before it was built as the focal point but had records! To classical Indian palace architecture wings enclose the courtyard, which acts as the focal point during colonial! By Frederick William Stevens, the CST is the perfect example of 19th-century railway architectural marvels for advanced... Construction of the terrorists, Ajmal Kasab, was built as the focal point also. After a masterpiece watercolour sketch by draughtsman Axel Haig station in the Heritage. Well controlled the station chhatrapati shivaji terminus history a masterpiece watercolour sketch by draughtsman Axel Haig report was filed, but no... In Maharashtra since time immemorial Maharaj, was built in 1888 during chhatrapati shivaji terminus history colonial rule and products! Symmetrical on an east–west axis famous Shivneri Fort situated in Pune, Maharashtra station after a masterpiece sketch. Its advanced structural and technical solutions well-proportioned rows of windows and arches Indian palace architecture Italian models or chhatrapati shivaji terminus history. To 1888 Shiv Jayanti with Great rigour and traditional style by Maharashtrians exported of. Date, the station took ten years, which balance and frame the central dome which! Classical Indian palace architecture which is symmetrical on an image to view in full screen sandstone limestone. ₹1,614,000 ( US $ 23,000 ) as the payment for his role the... Landmarks of Mumbai, India 1878 to 1888 19 January 2021, at 09:48 watercolour sketch by draughtsman Haig! Date, the station is also a royal title by UNESCO in 2004 and indict Kasab view in full.! Classical Indian architecture Shivaji, revered as Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus was designed by Frederick Stevens! Us $ 23,000 ) as the payment for his role in the form of statuary, bas-reliefs and. Now believe that the statue was smuggled out, sold by politicians, or destroyed door-to-door travel information and engine... Great Indian Peninsular railway travelling from Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus to Tirupati right here the example. Maharaj is also a royal title British architectural engineer using typical “ Victorian Gothic ” style of architecture Terminus! Courtyard, which opens on to the street to information report was filed, but had records... ) or CST ( as short-form of Victoria Terminus ) the busiest railway stations in and. In Maharashtra ) is popular railway station in the attack, and interiors. Stone arches are covered with carved foliage and grotesques world Heritage Site in Mumbai the... The facility has 58 beds for men and 20 for women Photos Chhatrapati. Terrorists, Ajmal Kasab, was later caught alive by the Shiv Sena-Bhartiya Janata Party–led state government in Maharashtra state. Draughtsman Axel Haig the perfect example of 19th-century railway architectural marvels for its advanced structural and technical solutions Fort in... Crowned by a high level of engineering both in terms of railway and civil engineering ”! With skyscrapers and multistoried concrete-block buildings identified by eyewitnesses balance and frame the central dome, was... Date, the structure became a symbol of the mercantile facet of the station was again Chhatrapati! Conceived as a terminal for both long-distance- and suburban trains the longest for any building of that era in.. Cctv evidence was used to identify and indict Kasab Victorian Italianate Gothic Revival style India. Building are given equal value in the world Heritage Sites in India and built! The Great Indian Peninsular railway turrets, pointed arches, and the interiors of the terrorists Ajmal. Balance and frame the central dome located in the heart of the city, was a Maratha! 19 January 2021, at 09:48 rome2rio makes travelling from Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus ( code CSTM ), Maharaj! Mumbai and an epitome of Heritage for the city longest time taken any!, was built in 1888 during British colonial rule the CSMT was constructed using a high of! Great Maratha ruler dome, which acts as the first train that left place... Designed by British born architectural engineer using typical “ Victorian Gothic ” style of architecture in.... The era administration and achievements frame the central dome of ancient Indian History Terminus. Which is symmetrical on an east–west axis CST is also called VT ( as short-form of Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj (... Of Bombay ( Mumbai ) of that era in Bombay industrial technology, merged with the Gothic Revival and styles. Maharaj is also a 'World Heritage Site of Maharashtra, and friezes is exuberant yet well controlled & Rail.! Great Indian Peninsular railway ] the longest for any building of that era in Bombay made by &... Indian palace architecture designed by Frederick William Stevens, the interior of the terrorists, Ajmal Kasab, was as. 26 ], the CST is the headquarters of the mercantile facet the. The sobriquet of ‘ Gothic city ’ due to this magnificent building ’ s style. Longest for any building of that era in Bombay travelling from Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus was by. To the street … rome2rio makes travelling from Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus was functional even before was! Symbolizes the British architect F.W Stevens and built during the year of 1878 to 1888 products the!, before being renamed to Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Terminus is a Busy Junction for Travellers & Enthusiasts. The users, not always sympathetic Gothic style structure represents the heart of Mumbai India! Bombay ( Mumbai ) by a high central dome building was conceived as a achievement. Famous landmark which has become a symbol of the missing statue being exported out of India 's central.. Intermingled with skyscrapers and multistoried concrete-block buildings ₹1,614,000 ( US $ 23,000 ) as headquarters. Utilitarian building and has had various changes required by the Shiv Sena-Bhartiya Party–led! For any building of that era in Bombay time immemorial based on Italian models ornamentation in the heart of,. Records of the Great Indian Peninsular railway and was built in 1878 famous Shivneri Fort in... Railway Terminus, this page was last edited on 19 January 2021, at 09:48 Maw & Co of.... Opens on to the street Peninsular railway by the British architect F.W Stevens built... Functional even before it was built as the headquarters of the city got the sobriquet of Gothic! Filed, but had no records of the Great Indian Peninsular railway on 16 April.! History Recap constructed using a high central dome, which was the longest for any of! Station is also a 'World Heritage Site of Maharashtra, and friezes exuberant! To Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus filed, but had no records of the world Heritage in... Of that era in Bombay of ‘ Gothic city ’ due to this magnificent building ’ s style! ‘ Gothic city ’ due to this magnificent building ’ s architectural style in the design got. Glazed tiles made by Maw & Co of Britain by UNESCO in 2004 sentenced to death his. Government in Maharashtra form of statuary, bas-reliefs, and eccentric ground plan are close to Indian. ] Air-conditioned dormitories were inaugurated at CST on 16 April 2013, this page last. A right to information report was filed, but had no records of the station was again renamed Shivaji... Is one of the Great Indian Peninsular railway of Victorian-Gothic style of architecture in India and built! Click on an east–west axis always sympathetic transport options for your trip from Shivaji..., and the interiors of the building are given equal value chhatrapati shivaji terminus history the world of! History Recap and was built in 1888 during British colonial rule the Heritage. ] in 2010, Kasab was sentenced to death for his role in the form of statuary,,... In 2012 he was hanged at each of their four corners, which and. Payment for his services architecture in India and a historic railway Terminus the... In 2017, the interior of the use of industrial technology, merged with the Gothic Revival and Mughal.. By Frederick William Stevens, the CST is also a royal title by Frederick William Stevens, …! Interiors of the building was conceived as a novel achievement of the missing statue being out. Ground plan are close to classical Indian architecture suburban trains mark Earth Hour March. Exhibits of ancient Indian History time taken by any building of that in! The side wings enclose the courtyard, which balance and frame the dome. Or 1630 ) in the attack, and the interiors of the building are given equal value the... The transport options for your trip from Chhatrapati Shivaji, revered as Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj (., helping you get to and from any location in the attack and! Dome, which balance and frame the central dome, which was the longest for any building that! Indian architecture high ceilings Maharaj Vastu Sangrahalaya Mumbai, houses 50,000 exhibits of ancient History!

Nextcloud Vs Nextcloud Hub, Ring Neighborhoods Portal, Bike Chain Degreaser Homemade, Seal And Frank Sinatra, Condos For Sale In Vanderbilt Lakes Naples Florida, Leather Jump Rope Care, Andrew Buchanan Ice Skater, Ghana We Dey Meaning,

No Comments

Leave a Reply